Selected news from NanoPhoton

Welcome to Odysseas Kosmatos

On 1 November we welcomed Odysseas Kosmatos. Odysseas will do a PhD Project on “Selective epitaxy of III/V Si nanostructures for photonic application”. It is about theoretical and experimental investigation of nucleation processes of III-V compounds on silicon. Developing and applying new epitaxial methods for realizing III-V photonics devices monolithically integrated into the Si-platform. The project is carried out in collaboration with École Polytechnique.


NERD grant to Nicolas Stenger

Nicolas Stenger was awarded the Novo Nordisk New Exploratory Research and Discovery (NERD) Program. It is a 14 MDKK grant that runs for seven years.

Quantum emitters are key in developing light-based quantum technology. In this project, we will explore in detail the interaction of quantum emitters with noise in the environment due to atomic vibrations. The noise generated by these vibrations destroys the useful quantum properties of the quantum emitter. Finding ways to mitigate the influence of vibrations could enable the possibility to create quantum emitters robust to thermal vibrations and to work close to or at room temperature. This could allow the future development of quantum technologies without the use of power-hungry cooling systems and potentially facilitate their large-scale use in our society.


Visit from Taiwan

Recently, a delegation from Taiwan, including companies and national research centres, visited DTU to learn about the Danish quantum ecosystem. On this occasion, our member Elizaveta Semenova presented the research we carry out within NanoPhoton.


Talk by guest PhD Junhyeong Kim

In October, we have a guest PhD student, Junheyong Kim, visiting us from KAIST - Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology, Daejeon. Junhyeong gave a presentation about his research on using "AI in nanophotonics for design and computing".


Two new PhD students

We welcomed two new PhD students, Michelle Wang and Matias Bundgaard-Nielsen.

Michelle's research focuses on topological phenomena in photonic systems. She studies photonic band structures using the language of group representations, with potential applications for photonic crystal design. Matias will be working on a deep theoretical understanding of the quantum optics of nanostructures with Extreme Dielectric Confinement (EDC), including developing efficient numerical simulation tools. He will work on identifying promising structures for experimental exploration by investigating, e.g., nanolasers with reduced quantum noise.


Talk by Nir Rotenberg, Queen’s University, Canada

Associate Professor Nir Rotenberg from Queen’s University, Canada, gave a NanoPhoton Lecture on “Linear and nonlinear photonic quantum circuits”. Nir gave a fascinating talk about the perspectives on using quantum dots for quantum information processing, emphasizing the physics and the pros and cons of quantum dots for this application.


The Micro and Nano Engineering (MNE) conference 2023 in Berlin

Our NanoPhoton members Bingrui Lu, Ali Nawaz BabarGuillermo Arregui Bravo, and Søren Stobbe presented their work in Berlin. Bingrui Lu talked on “Design and All-In-One Etch of Silicon Metalens for Near-Infrared Focusing”. Ali Nawaz Babar on “Integrating top-down nanopatterning with bottom-up self-assembly to fabricate photonic cavities with atomic-scale dimensions”. Guillermo Arregui Bravo on “Bowtie photonic-crystal waveguides as strong light-matter interfaces”.


Congratulations to our PhD student Qiaoling Lin

Qiaoling Lin successfully defended her PhD thesis. The thesis title is “Exploring excitons in van der Waals heterostructures and their potential for lasing”. Prof. Uriel Levy (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel) and Prof. Harri Lipsanen (Aalto University, Finland) were the external examiners. The proud Nanophoton supervisors were Sanshui Xiao (main), Nicolas Stenger and Martijn Wubs.


Michael Seifner was awarded a Villum Experiment grant

The Villum Experiment Programme was created for research projects that challenge the norm and have the potential to fundamentally change the way important topics are approached. The granted project with the title "Nanoscale Imaging of a Photocatalyst at Work: What Comes After the Light?" will focus on the nanoscale imaging of charge carrier accumulation in defined nanoparticle photocatalysts upon light irradiation inside a transmission electron microscope. A successful implementation of the project could help better understand the fundamental processes involved in photocatalytic reactions.


Visit from the DNRF

The DNRF visited us for our annual follow-up meeting. As usual, hosting and presenting our research and ideas to the foundation was a great pleasure. We greatly appreciate the positive atmosphere of these meetings and the supportive approach of DNRF.


Keynote lecture at FEMS EUROMAT 2023

Michael Seifner, gave a keynote lecture at FEMS EUROMAT 2023. The conference focused on the latest materials science and technology advancements. The talk dealt with mapping the electric field in topology-optimized photonic cavities with extreme dielectric confinement using scanning transmission electron microscopy in combination with electron energy loss spectroscopy.


Our annual NanoPhoton workshop in September

At our annual workshop we spent two days together presenting our research, exchanging ideas, discussing the way forward and enjoying being together. It was indeed a good and enriching experience. Thank you all for joining and contributing to this.

Visit from the University of Würzburg, Germany

Sven Hoefling from the University of Würzburg, Germany, visited us and gave a talk on “Semiconductor quantum dot based quantum technologies”. It was a great overview of the science and technology of semiconductor quantum dots and their possible applications within quantum technology. The group in Würzburg has made several seminal contributions to the field, and it was great to discuss with one of the pioneers.


We broke the world record

We are proud to share that a group of NanoPhoton members recently published an article in Optica demonstrating a photonic crystal nanolaser with a record-low threshold current of 730 nA at room temperature.

Such nanolasers push the boundaries of laser miniaturization and are ideal candidates for on-chip applications, where low-loss links replace energy-consuming electrical interconnects. The lasers can be modulated at 3 GHz with an energy cost of only 1 fJ/bit.

Congratulations to the authors: Evangelos Dimopoulosmeng xiongAurimas SakanasAndrey MarchevskyGaoneng DongYi YuElizaveta SemenovaJesper Mørk, and Kresten Yvind.


Participation iNOW 2023 in Würzburg, Germany

Our NanoPhoton member Alisha Nanwani participated in the International Nano-Optoelectronics Workshop (#iNOW) 2023 in Würzburg, Germany and presented her results on "Selective area epitaxy of InP/InAs/InP on Silicon(001)".


Congratulations to Nikolaos and Kasper

Our two master's students Nikolaos Chatzaras and Kasper Spiegelhauer successfully defended their master’s thesis ”Characterization and simulation of electrically-driven microlasers”.  


Participation in the workshop FAME in Cork, Ireland

Yury Berdnikov and Elizaveta Semenova attend the workshop FAME in Cork, Ireland, and present NanoPhoton results on “Droplet mediated epitaxy“ and “Fine-tunable near-critical Stranski-Krastanov growth of InAs/InP quantum dots”.


Paper published in Physical Review Letters

Our paper “Stochastic Approach to the Quantum Noise of a Single-Emitter Nanolaser” was published in Physical Review Letters. Surprisingly, a simple and easy-to-implement generalisation of standard laser rate accounts for the full intensity quantum noise of a nanolaser. Link in the comment field.

The paper is authored by NanoPhoton members Matias Bundgaard-Nielsen, Emil Denning, Marco Saldutti, and Jesper Mørk.


International Conference on Optics of Excitons in Confined Systems (OECS 18) in Lecce, Italy

Maria Vittoria Gurrieri and Paweł Holewa participated in the International Conference on Optics of Excitons in Confined Systems (OECS 18). They presented their recent results: Maria Vittoria on polariton dynamics of single-mode nanocavities and Pawel on the deterministic fabrication of quantum light sources.

OECS is a bi-annual conference that gathers scientists interested in the areas of optical excitations of semiconductors with specific attention on the physics of excitons, trions, and collective excitations in different materials and photonic nanostructures.


Congratulations to master's students defending their theses

Our three master's students Stefano Fornetti, Matias Bundgaard-Nielsen and Kamma Nørrelund Pedersen have defended their theses successfully. Stefano's thesis is entitled "Development of a quantum light emitter with controllable excitonic fine structure splitting", Matias' thesis  "Modeling tools for quantum networks" and that of Kamma "Modeling of Photonic Quantum Information Processors".

From left to right: Stefano, Kamma, Matias


Visiting PhD student from Wroclaw University Science and Technology

PhD student Marek Burakowski from Wrocław University Science and Technology is joining NanoPhoton for six months for his external stay. His project is devoted to developing scalable fabrication methods for integrated quantum photonics.


NanoPhoton strongly represented at CLEO Europe 2023

A total of 11 NanoPhoton members are going to Munich, and we will do the following presentations including a keynote talk by our centre leader Jesper Mørk:

Jesper Mørk:  “Semiconductor Nanolasers” (keynote talk), 8:30 hrs., room 4b ICM (EG-1.1)
Kristian Seegert:  “Dual-mode lasing and beating oscillations in a microscopic laser based on electromagnetically induced transparency”, 9:15 hrs., room 13b ICM (CB-1.3)
Gaoneng Dong: “Ultrashort pulse generation using cavity-dumping in a Fano laser”, 9:30 hrs., room 13b ICM (CB-1.4)

Ayman Nassar Kamel: “All-Silicon Topology Optimized Two-Photon Absorption Detector for On-chip Interconnects”, 13:00 hrs., Hall B0 (EG-P.9)

Mikkel Heuck: “Proposal for Multiport Photon Routing using Photonic Crystal Cavity Phase Shifters”, 9:45 hrs., room 6 Hall B3 (B32), (CI-1.5)
George Kountouris: “A lithographically defined quantum dot with simultaneous sub-wavelength confinement of light”, 9:45 hrs., room 4a ICM (CK-4.5)

Marco Saldutti:  “Threshold with photon recycling in nanolasers with extreme dielectric confinement”, 14:15 hrs., room 13b ICM (CB-10.2)

Philip T. Kristensen: “Influence of surface roughness on the resonance frequencies and quality factors of optical cavities and plasmonic nanoparticles”, 11:15 hrs., room 21 ICM (EJ-4.4)
Mohammad Abutoama: “Semi-analytical Approach for Modeling Strong Coupling of Quantum Emitters in Electromagnetic Resonators”, 11:45 hrs., room 21 ICM (EJ-4.6)
Guillermo Arregui: “Backscattering in slow-light valley-Hall photonic topological waveguides”, 11:45 hrs., room 22a ICM 8 EC-2.5)
Meng Xiong: “Experimental realization of extreme light confinement in an InP nanocavity”, 17:15 hrs., room 4a ICM (CK-15.6)


Participation in World Congress on Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization (WCSMO15) conference

Our NanoPhoton members, Beñat Martinez de Aguirre and Göktuğ Işıklar, presented their cutting-edge studies at the World Congress on Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization (WCSMO15) conference.

Beñat talked on "Topology optimization of thermo-optical phase shifters". He shared his intensive studies on developing a multiphysics topology optimization algorithm for thermo-optics. By leveraging his methods, significant improvements in the efficiency and performance of optical phase shifters were achieved. Göktug’s talked on "Topology optimization of thermal initial value problems using a harmonic model". His presentation focused on reducing the computational cost of transient optimization problems while maintaining high device performance. His harmonic model approach showcased remarkable efficiency gains in tackling thermal initial value problems.


Visiting Professor from Leiden University

ofessor Martin van Exter from Leiden University is joining us for six weeks as an Otto Mønsted Visiting Professor at DTU Electro. He will give three NanoPhoton lectures on “Fine structure in resonance spectra of optical microcavities”, “Cavity quantum electrodynamics with semiconductor quantum dots”, and “Spatial quantum entanglement of photon pairs”, respectively., Prof. Van Exter has broad educational and management experience. He has been the educational director of Physics at Leiden University, and he is a co-developer of the MSc “Quantum Information Science & Technology”, a new joint Master's program of the Technical University of Delft and Leiden University.

Martin van Exter will return for another period of six weeks next year.


Compound Semiconductor Week 2023 at Jeju, South Korea

NanoPhoton was represented at the Compound Semiconductor Week 2023 at Jeju, South Korea, with a talk by our senior researcher Elizaveta Semenova on “Deterministic fabrication of single photon sources operating at the telecom C-band".


Evangelos Dimopoulos defended his PhD thesis

On 17 May, Evangelos Dimopoulos defended his PhD thesis on “Electrically-driven Photonic Crystal lasers”. Evangelos continues to work with us as a postdoc.


Paper on “Efficient low-reflection fully etched vertical free-space grating couplers for suspended silicon photonics”

NanoPhoton members Søren Engelberth HansenGuillermo Arregui BravoAli Nawaz BabarMarcus AlbrechtsenBabak Vosoughi LahijaniRasmus E Christiansen, and Søren Stobbe had their paper on “Efficient low-reflection fully etched vertical free-space grating couplers for suspended silicon photonics” published in Optics Express. The new grating coupler designed for suspended structures with low reflection and good coupling can be fabricated in a single-step lithography. It makes it ideal for testing new suspended nanophotonic devices such as compact dielectric bowtie cavities.


Rasmus E. Christiansen giving talks at Zuse and EPFL

NanoPhoton member Rasmus E. Christiansen recently gave two invited talks detailing research performed under NanoPhoton. The first talk was given at AMPD 2023 hosted by ZIB Zuse Institute Berlin and the second at Neuromorphic Photonics - Complex Lasers: from control to neuromorphic computation hosted by Swiss Photonics at École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne. Rasmus was invited to present central results from NanoPhoton detailing how to utilize photonic inverse design by topology optimization (#TopOpt, [1]) to enable experimental realization of unprecedented extreme dielectric confinement (#EDC) of light [2], to explore and map fundamental trade-offs between spatial and temporal light-confinement [3], to demonstrate the importance of selecting the appropriate confinement mechanism when designing EDC devices [4] as well as for a number of other applications of TopOpt to achieve extreme photonic device performance.

Links to references:
[1] Inverse design in photonics by topology optimization: tutorial ( 
[2] Nanometer-scale photon confinement in topology-optimized dielectric cavities | Nature Communications
[3] On the trade-off between mode volume and quality factor in dielectric nanocavities optimized for Purcell enhancement (
[4] Impact of figures of merit in photonic inverse design (


CLEO in San Jose

At the CLEO conference in San Jose in May NanoPhoton presented some highlights from the work on nanostructured emitters, including the lowest threshold lasers ever realized. Our members gave talks on "Nanostructured Lasers for Femtojoule Photonics", "Experimental Demonstration of Photonic Crystal Nanolaser With sub-μA Threshold Current", and "Purcell-Enhanced Single-Photon Emitter Exploiting Extreme Dielectric Confinement" among other topics.


New PHD student joining NanoPhoton

On 1 May PhD student Christian Ruiz joined us in the centre. Christian will work on epitaxial growth of III-V semiconductor heterostructures. His research is focused on advancing self-assembled quantum dot growth methods and implementing new approaches to tailor the properties of individual QDs as well as array properties.


The Science Festival "Forskningens Døgn"

In April, we participated in the science festival "Forskninges Døgn" together with 6 other DNRF centres of excellence at DTU. It was a very good experience to tell about our research and passion for what we are doing.


Paper in Nature Photonics

Christian Anker Rosiek, Guillermo Arregui Bravo, and Søren Stobbe, together with collaborators at DTU - Technical University of Denmark, did the first experimental investigation of losses in photonic topological insulators, which have often been praised for their topological protection against backscattering. But the experiments, published in Nature Photonics, showed the opposite: Backscattering protection in integrated photonics is impossible with existing technologies, says study.


NanoPhoton turns three

On 1 April we celebrated that our centre turned three years. II t ahs been three fantastic years with much exciting research and very interesting results, and we look forward to the years to the years ahead of us.


Paper published in Physical Review Letters

Several NanoPhoton members and collaborators co-authored a paper in Physical Review Letters on "Cavity Optomechanics with Anderson-Localized Optical Modes”. The work demonstrates how the interaction of light and mechanical motion in suspended photonic nanostructures with narrow etched slots of several tenths of nanometers can be mediated by unavoidable fabrication imperfections and multiple scattering of light, the physics of which will matter as research in photonics approaches length scales on the order of the roughness.


Paper by Associate Professor Rasmus E Christiansen and co-authors in Optics Express

Associate Professor Rasmus E Christiansen and co-authors had their paper on "Impact of Figures of Merit in Photonic Inverse Design” published in Optics Express. Through inverse design, they demonstrate that markedly different photonic device geometries are needed to obtain optimal performance for applications with figures of merit of similar structure. Hereby stressing the importance of carefully analyzing, fully understanding and directly targeting the true device application in the inverse design process to obtain the best possible device performance. 


PhD defence by Laura Casses

On 24 February Laura Casses defended her PhD thesis on “Near-field exploration of light-matter interactions on gold and van der Waals materials”. Laura continues to work in the centre as a postdoc.


Paper in Optica on "Cavity dumping using a microscopic Fano laser"

Postdoc Gaoneng Dong had his paper on "Cavity dumping using a microscopic Fano laser" published in Optica. We demonstrate an ultra-small cavity-dumped microscopic laser based on an optical Fano resonance, which generates optical pulses with peak power more than one order of magnitude higher than the corresponding conventional gain-modulated laser. This demonstration paves the way for realizing microscopic lasers for low-power chip-scale applications. Link to the paper in the comment field.


New members in NanoPhoton

Many new members have joined NanoPhoton in the past few months. They are Benjamin, Falkenberg Gøtzsche, PhD student, Pawel Holewa, postdoc, Mathias Marchal, PhD student, Adrian Holm Dubré, Research Assistant, and Simon Klinck Borregaard, PhD Student.


New member in NanoPhoton

In January we welcomed our newest member to NanoPhoton, senior researcher Thomas Christensen. Thomas is interested in the realization and manifestations of topological phenomena in photonic systems, especially in symmetry-protected topological phases. His expertise includes photonic crystal design and analysis, light-matter interaction, topological band theory, and group theory.


How to make LinkedIn work for us

In January we received a visit from Zydrune Domarkaite who gave a talk on “LinkedIn – how to make it work for you”. It was a very inspiring and motivating workshop. We hope the result will appear on our LinkedIN profile.


We are the cover story of the new edition of Laser Focus World

In the cover story of the new edition of Laser Focus World, PhD student Marcus Albrechtsen and Associate Professor Søren Stobbe share their thoughts on the perspectives of their recent results on dielectric bowtie cavities.

The new results were obtained in an interdisciplinary and highly collaborative team effort within NanoPhoton - Center for Nanophotonics at DTU - Technical University of Denmark.


Søren Stobbe and his research group's scientific brealthorugh mentioned in the DNRF's newsletter

In their newsletter, The Danish National Research Foundation (DNRF) features an article with NanoPhoton member Søren Stobbe on his research group's recent scientific breakthrough. Congratulations to Søren and his group, and thanks to the DNRF.


New PhD student joining NanoPhoton

On 15 November we welcomed Amedeo Carbone to our centre. We look forward to working with you, Amedeo.


Workshop in NanoPhoton

We at NanoPhoton just held a workshop to get together, present our research, share ideas and strengthen collaboration across the centre. Thank you for the good talks and inspiration!


A feature article in Laser Focus World

The magazine Laser Focus World highlights our recent work on nanometer-scale photon confinement in topology-optimized dielectric cavities in a feature article


Marco and Kristian participated in the “2022 IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC)” in Vancouver, Canada

Recently, our NanoPhoton members Marco Saldutti and Kristian Seegert took part in the “2022 IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC)” in Vancouver, Canada.

Kristian presented a microscopic laser – a so-called Fano laser – that uses a carefully engineered mirror to generate ultrashort pulses. The compact footprint makes this laser an attractive candidate as an on-chip pulsed light source for photonic integrated circuits.

Marco discussed the use of nonlinear photonic nanocavities with extreme dielectric confinement of light (EDC) for switching applications. The unconventional geometry enhances the diffusion dynamics of electron-hole pairs and allows a significant speed-up of all-optical signal processing functionalities, without compromising energy efficiency.


"Modal properties of dielectric bowtie cavities with deep sub-wavelength confinement"

In a recently published work in Optics Express, we at NanoPhoton - Center for Nanophotonics performed a thorough numerical study of a novel semiconductor device that can squeeze light into the nanoscale with minimal losses, an important step in unlocking future quantum technologies.


Fundmental scientific breakthrough

Researchers from Søren Stobbe's research group have developed a nanostructure which compresses the light so that it becomes 10,000 times thinner than a human hair. This is a fundamental scientific breakthrough and can be important for multiple fields, including energy-efficient computers and quantum technology.


New colleagues joining us

On 1 September and 1 October, respectively, postdoc Alireza Shabani and PhD students Daniel Farbowitz and Sergei Lepeshov joined us at NanoPhoton.

New results with numerous applications published in "Nature Nanotechnology"

A new study led by researchers from the Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (ICN2, Barcelona) in collaboration with NanoPhoton researchers show that nanostructures can be engineered to either inhibit or guide mechanical vibrations at hypersonic frequencies. The results, published in the journal ‘Nature Nanotechnology’, could have numerous applications within nanotechnology, quantum computing, optomechanics, signal processing, and biosensors.

Please find the paper here:


NanoPhoton is growing

We are very glad to welcome our two new PhD students Beñat Martínez Aguirre de Jokisch and Robin Dahiya who joined NanoPhoton on 1 August.


"Electrically‐Driven Photonic Crystal Lasers with Ultra‐low Threshold" in Laser and Photonic Reviews

The latest issue of Laser and Photonic Reviews features our article titled "Electrically‐Driven Photonic Crystal Lasers with Ultra‐low Threshold" where we experimentally demonstrate a microscopic laser with ultra-low threshold developed at DTU and NanoPhoton - Center for Nanophotonics. The properties of these lasers are investigated, providing new insight into the Quality Factor of the laser cavity, the leakage current, and efficiency. 


Paper in Light: Science & Applications

Most theoretical derivations of fundamental radiative processes rely on energetic considerations and detailed balance equations, but not on momentum considerations. In this article we bring momentum exchange processes into consideration. It becomes very tricky in near-zero index (NZI) materials, i.e., materials having a phase refractive index close to zero. We theoretically demonstrate that momentum recoil, transfer momentum from the field to the atom and Doppler shift are inhibited in NZI materials. Fundamental radiative processes inhibition is also explained due to those momentum considerations inside three-dimensional NZI materials. We also discuss implication of NZI properties on consequence on the Heisenberg inequality, microscopy applications and diffraction pattern. Our findings give better understanding of fundamental light-matter interactions at the nanoscale as well as possibility of new lasing applications.

Momentum considerations inside near-zero index materials


Paper published in ACS Photonics

The team of Elizaveta Semenova demonstrated a novel InAs/InP Quantum Dot-based single photon emitter operating at the telecom C-band. A simple vertical emitting device possesses a photon extraction efficiency of ∼10% and high-purity single-photon generation ( g(2)(τ = 0) < 0.02 ) at the liquid helium temperature and preserved up to 50 K.

Bright Quantum Dot Single-Photon Emitters at Telecom Bands Heterogeneously Integrated on Si


Conference on "Fundamentals and applications of semiconductor nanocavities"

Last week NanoPhoton hosted a conference on “Fundamentals and applications of semiconductor nanocavities” with 24 international leading researchers joining for three days of very good and interesting talks and vivid and fruitful discussions. Thank you to all for making it a success.


Three PhD Students join NanoPhoton


 Kristian Seegert joined NanoPhoton on 1 March 2022. On 1 April 2022 Alexandra Palici and Frederik Schröder joined the centre. We look forward to the collaboration.


NanoPhoton Lecture: First-principles description of light-matter interactions in 2D materials by Kristian Sommer Thygesen

Kristian Thygesen develops and applies first-principles methods based on density functional theory and many-body perturbation theory to describe the electronic structure of materials with a particular focus on nanostructured and low-dimensional materials. He is also interested in the application of AI and data-driven approaches to materials design.

Two-dimensional (2D) materials, like graphene, hexagonal boron-nitride and the semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), present exciting opportunities for creating new types of quantum states that can be manipulated with unprecedented accuracy and efficiency. In this talk I will demonstrate how excitons in TMD monolayers may be tuned via dielectric engineering [1] and how (mixed) interlayer excitons in TMD bilayers [2] may be controlled by application of a perpendicular electrical field. The spontaneous radiative emission from electronic transitions in 2D materials can be manipulated by engineering the electromagnetic vacuum field. I will show that record high Purcell enhancements of up to 10^7 can be achieved by coupling intersubband transitions in van der Waals quantum wells to the acoustic plasmons in a graphene sheet [3]. Finally, I will discuss how first-principles calculations can aid the discovery of crystal point defects in wide band gap semiconductors with potential application as single-photon sources, spin qubits or magnetic field sensing [4].


Paper on "Quantum theory of two-dimensional materials coupled to electromagnetic resonators"

Recently published in Physical Review B, NanoPhoton research headed by Emil Denning shows how a series of recent spectacular experiments of strong coupling in systems of two-dimensional materials and nanoscale electromagnetic resonators can be explained by the symmetry-breaking light-matter interaction, which leads to the formation of a localized exciton state. In a companion letter in Physical Review Research, the team analyses the quantum optical properties of the strongly-coupled system, and predicts that polariton blockade due to nonlinear exciton-exciton interactions is well within reach by use of nanoscale resonators, such as the optical cavities designed and fabricated within the NanoPhoton research center.

Phys. Rev. B 105, 085306 (2022) - Quantum theory of two-dimensional materials coupled to electromagnetic resonators (

Phys. Rev. Research 4, L012020 (2022) - Cavity-induced exciton localization and polariton blockade in two-dimensional semiconductors coupled to an electromagnetic resonator (


NanoPhoton Lecture: III-V semiconductors on silicon hybrid nanophotonics by Fabrice Raineri

Raineri’s research activity is focused on the exploration of the interactions in III-V semiconductor/silicon hybrid photonic crystal (PhC) structures and their exploitation for the achievement of smaller, smarter, faster energy-efficient optoelectronic components which will revolutionize our world, governed by information and communication technology.

His aim is to build a new panel of optoelectronic devices, ultimate in terms of power consumption as well as in speed. His goal too is to trace new paths in nonlinear and quantum optics through the use of unprecedented optical configurations enabled by the hybrid approach. More in detail, he leads his work along three research directions namely, nanolasers, nonlinear nanophotonic devices and parametric nonlinear nanophotonics. 


Proof of Concept Grant from the European Research Council (ERC) to demonstrate a new optical receiver for application in integrated photonics

The project, “Fano Detector”, is based on a novel idea of using a photonic Fano resonance to demodulate high-speed coherent signals in an energy-efficient way. The project builds on research results obtained in the ERC Advanced Grant “Fano Photonics”.

Measurement set-up (left) and chip (right) with coherent detector based on Fano interference.

Dr. Dagmawi Alemayehu Bekele
Prof. Jesper Mørk

ERC Press Release



NanoPhoton paper published in NanoPhotonics

Elizaveta Semenova and Shima Kadkhodazadeh had their paper published in Nanophotonincs: Droplet epitaxy symmetric InAs/InP quantum dots for quantum emission in the third telecom window: morphology, optical and electronic properties.

We provide an analytical model to explain the kinetics of pit formation and QD base shape modification. Our theoretical calculations of electronic states reveal the properties of neutral and charged excitons and biexcitons confined in such QDs, which agree with the optical investigations of individual QDs. The optical response of QDs' ensemble suggests that FSS may indeed be negligible, as reflected in the vanishing degree of linear polarization.


NanoPhoton members to receive grants from the Velux Foundations

We are very proud to announce that two NanoPhoton members have received generous grants from the Velux Foundations. Senior Researcher  receives DKK 6 million for his project ‘Nanolaser based on extremely confined nonradiative state (EXTREME)’. Thomas Christensen, who is currently a research scientist at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), receives DKK 8 million for his project 'Symmetry-guided discovery of topological photonics'.


PhD Student joins NanoPhoton

Alisha Nanwani

We are very happy that Alisha Nanwani, PhD Student, joined NanoPhoton on 15 January 2022. 

Alisha's project deals with selective epitaxy of III-V/Si nanostructures for extreme dielectric confinement of light.


Postdoc joins NanoPhoton

We are very glad to welcome Yury Berdnikov, Postdoc, who joined NanoPhoton on 15 January 2022.

Yury's work is in between the nanofabrication in WP 4 and optoelectronic devices in WP 2. I investigate the ways for surface states passivation aiming to improve the optical performance of the structures with EDC cavities.   


Postdoc joins NanoPhoton

We are very pleased to announce that Mohammad Abutoama, postdoc, joined NanoPhoton on 15 December 2021.

Mohammad's research is focused on the interaction between colloidal Nanocrystal Quantum Dots (NQDs) and EDC cavities, including theoretical modeling, design and experimental realization of the light-matter interaction in NQDs-EDC nanostructures for proposing efficient single photon sources.


Yi Yu's paper published in Optica

Yi had his paper "Remote excitation between quantum emitters mediated by an optical Fano resonance" published in Optica.

We demonstrate remote coupling between two site-controlled semiconductor quantum dot emitters mediated by an optical Fano resonance induced by coupling cavity modes via a continuum waveguide state. Unlike ordinary coupled modes, the Fano mode offers both a spatially extended field and a high local density of optical states at the emitters, enhancing light–matter interaction.


NanoPhoton at MNE 2021 in Turin, Italy

NanoPhoton was represented at the "Micro and Nano Engineering Conference” ( in Turin, Italy by members Søren Stobbe, Ali Nawaz Babar, Marcus Albrechtsen and Søren Engelberth Hansen, seen here with DTU colleague Christian Anker Rosiek. The team presented recent work on Casimir forces in nanostructures, photonic topological insulators, and cavities with extreme dielectric confinement.


Paper on "Ultra-coherent Fano laser based on a bound state in the continuum" in Nature Photonics

Graphics: DTU Fotonik. The figure shows a schematic of light generation in a Fano laser.

In a recent paper in Nature Photonics, "Ultra-coherent Fano laser based on a bound state in the continuum", we show how a bound state in the continuum can be used to reduce the spectral linewidth of microlasers significantly. The microscopic laser developed at DTU Fotonik and NanoPhoton - Center for Nanophotonics prove to have fundamental advantages compared to other lasers. Please, find the paper here.


NanoPhoton Lecture: Mesoscopic electrodynamics at metal surfaces: quantum and nonlocal effects by N. Asger Mortensen

Plasmonic phenomena in metals are commonly explored within the framework of classical electrodynamics and semiclassical models for the interactions of light with free-electron matter. The more detailed understanding of mesoscopic electrodynamics at metal surfaces is, however, becoming increasingly important for both fundamental developments in quantum plasmonics [1] and potential applications in emerging light-based quantum technologies [2]. While this intuitively calls for a full quantum description of plasmon-enhanced light-matter interactions, recent discoveries suggest how classical electrodynamics may still suffice if appropriately dressed by quantum-corrected mesoscopic boundary conditions – surface-response formalism. The colloquium will address three cases, where mesoscopic electrodynamic effects matter: 1) plasmon-emitter interactions [3], electronic surface states in crystalline materials [4], and plasmon-polariton interactions in graphene-on-metal structures [5]. Finally, prospects for probing electrodynamics of correlated electron materials are discussed [6]. 

[1] N.A. Mortensen, “Mesoscopic electrodynamics at metal surfaces – From quantum-corrected hydrodynamics to microscopic surface-response formalism”, Nanophotonics 10, 2563 (2021). [2] A.I. Fernández-Domínguez, S.I. Bozhevolnyi & N.A. Mortensen, “Plasmon-enhanced generation of non-classical light”, ACS Photonics 5, 3447 (2018). [3] P.A.D. Gonçalves et al., ”Plasmon-Emitter Interactions at the Nanoscale”, Nat. Commun. 11, 366 (2020).  [4] A.R. Echarri et al., "Optical response of noble metal nanostructures: Quantum surface effects in crystallographic facets", Optica 8, 710 (2021). [5] P.A.D. Gonçalves et al., Quantum Surface-Response of Metals Revealed by Acoustic Graphene Plasmons", Nat. Commun. 12, 3271 (2021). 
[6] A.T. Costa et al., "Harnessing Ultra-confined Graphene Plasmons to Probe the Electrodynamics of Superconductors", PNAS 118, e2012847118 (2021).


Tutorial papers in Top Downloads list for JOSA B

Topology optimization

We are proud to see that our tutorial papers on inverse design in photonics by topology optimization jumped to the top of the Top Downloads list for JOSA B upon publication and remain on the list ten months later.

Utilize topology optimization to design an optical metalens, a demultiplexer or a plasmonic reflector, either by the click of a button in COMSOL Multiphysics or via a compact 200 line MATLAB code


Modal Properties of Photonic Crystal Cavities and Applications to Lasers

We have reviewed the properties of the resonant modes of photonic crystal cavities with a special focus on line-defect cavities and applications to ultra-small and energy-efficient semiconductor lasers including slow-light photonic crystal lasers and Fano lasers. We have also covered emerging cavities for extreme dielectric confinement, which promise extremely strong light–matter interactions with deep sub-wavelength mode size and a high quality factor. 

You will find the paper here.


Official opening of NanoPhoton

We are very pleased to share some photos from the official opening ceremony of NanoPhoton - Center for Nanophotonics led by Prof. Jesper Mørk. It was a long-awaited and festive event. We extend our thanks to the Chairman of the Board of the Danmarks Grundforskningsfond/The Danish National Research Foundation, Prof. Jens Kehlet Nørskov, and the President of DTU, Prof. Anders Overgaard Bjarklev, for inspiring and supportive opening speeches. We also thank our collaborators and all of you who took the time to celebrate this wonderful occasion with us.

Rektor Anders Bjarklev og centerleder Jesper Mørk
President of DTU, Prof. Anders Overgaard Bjarklev and
  Center Leader of NanoPhoton, Prof. Jesper Mørk 

Tilhørere ved åbningen af NanoPhoton
Participants in the official opening of NanoPhoton

Jesper Mørk, Palle Jeppesen og Bjarne Tromborg
Jesper Mørk, Palle Jeppesen and Bjarne Tromborg

Maria Vittoria, Evangelos, Marco and Lotte
Members of NanoPhoton



Postdoc joins NanoPhoton

Ayman Nassar Kamel

We are pleased to announce that Ayman Nassar Kamel, Postdoc, joined NanoPhoton on 1 October.

Ayman works on the integration of EDC cavities with nano-electronic devices with a vision of providing a platform for sub-femto-joule-per-bit interconnects. He has experience in non-linear integrated optics and interface physics, both of which are useful for such nano-optoelectronic devices we hope to realize.  


PhD Student joins NanoPhoton

Maria Vittoria Gurrieri

We are pleased to announce that Maria Vittoria Gurrieri,
PhD Student, joined NanoPhoton on 1 October.

Maria Vittoria works on the development of theoretical
models for light-matter interaction in EDC-structures.
Her research is focused on the investigation of such
interaction in optical nanocavities coupled with 2D


NanoPhoton Lecture: Single-photon quantum hardware: towards scalable photonic quantum technology with a quantum advantage by Peter Lodahl

Quantum dots embedded in photonic nanostructures offer a highly efficient and coherent deterministic photon-emitter interface [1]. It constitutes an on-demand single-photon source for quantum-information applications, enables single-photon nonlinear, optics and the constructing of deterministic quantum gates for photons [2]. We review recent experimental progress, and demonstrate that the current technology can be scaled up to reach quantum advantage [3] with the demonstration of near-transform-limited emitters in high-cooperativity planar nanophotonic waveguides [4]. The coherent control of a single spin in the quantum dot [5, 6] offers additional opportunities of generating advanced multi-photon entangled states [7]. We discuss potential applications of these novel deterministic photonic hardware in quantum computing and quantum communication [8], e.g., for constructing a resource efficient one-way quantum repeater [9].

[1] Lodahl et al., Rev. Mod. Phys. 87, 347 (2015). [2] Lodahl, Quantum Science and Technology 3, 013001 (2018). [3] Uppu et al., Science Advances 6, eabc8268 (2020). [4] Pedersen et al., ACS Photonics (2020). [5] Javadi et al., Nature Nanotechnology 13, 398 (2018). [6] Appel et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 126, 013602 (2021). [7] Tiurev et al., Arxiv: 2007.09295. [8] Uppu et al., Arxiv: 2103.01110. [9] Borregaard et al., Phys. Rev. X 10, 021071 (2020).


NanoPhoton Lecture: From Photonic Crystals to Topological Nanophotonics by Masaya Notomi


NanoPhoton Lecture: Prospects and limitations of atomically thin semiconductors as laser gain material by Christopher Gies


NanoPhoton Lecture:Non-Radiating Electromagnetic Sources by Sergey I. Bozhevolnyi